Thursday, February 9, 2012

Kings and Queens 4

Queen Khentetka  ( 4 th Dynasty )
Khentetka  was a Queen of Egypt; the wife of King Djedefre during the 4th dynasty.

Khafre  ( 4 th Dynasty )
Khafra (Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty) his name means (Appearing like Re), his reign between 2558 BC to 2532 BC, 26 years. Khafre was son of King Khufu, his capital at Memphis.  We know little about his reign. But his pyramid at Giza the second largest known pyramid in Egypt is enough.

Reign from 2558 to 2532 BC      4th Dynasty
Predecessor (Djedefra)
Successor (Menkaura)
Children (Menkaura, Nebemakhet, Duaenre, Niuserre, Khenterka, Ankhmare, Akhre, Iunmin, Iunre, Sekhemkare, Nikaure, Khamerernebty II, Rekhetre, Shepsetkau, Hemetre)
Father (Pharaoh Khufu)
Mother (Queen Henutsen)
Monuments (Pyramid of Khafra,Great Sphinx of Giza)
King Khafre Egyptian Museum - Cairo
Queen Meresankh III  ( 4 th Dynasty )

Queen Meresankh III was the daughter of Hetepheres II and Prince Kawab and a grand-daughter of the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. She was the wife of King Khafre.

Queen Khamerernebty I ( 4 th Dynasty )
Queen Khamerernebty I was an ancient Egyptian queen of the 4th dynasty. She was probably a wife of King Khafre and the mother of King Menkaure and Queen Khamerernebty II. 

Queen Hekenuhedjet ( 4 th Dynasty )
Queen Hekenuhedjet was an ancient Egyptian queen of the 4th dynasty, a wife of Pharaoh Khafra. She is depicted in the tomb of her son the Vizier Sekhemkare.

Queen Persenet ( 4 th Dynasty )
Queen Persenet was an ancient Egyptian queen of the 4th dynasty. She may have been a daughter of King Khufu and a wife of King Khafra. 

Menkaure ( 4 th Dynasty )

His name mean (Eternal like the Souls of Re), ruling from 2532 B.C to 2503 B.C,(29 years). He was the son of King Khafre, and he married his sister Khamerernebti 2. His pyramid is the smallest pyramids at Giza.

Reign from 2532 to 2503 BC      4th Dynasty
Predecessor (Khafre)
Successor (Shepseskaf)
Children (Khuenre, Shepseskaf, Khentkaus I)
Father (Khafra)
Mother (Khamerernebty I)
Monuments (Pyramid at Giza)
Menkaure and Queen

Khamerernebty I ( 4 th Dynasty )
Khamerernebty I was an ancient Egyptian queen of the 4th dynasty. She was a wife of King Khafre and the mother of King Menkaure and Queen Khamerernebty II. 

Shepseskaf ( 4 th Dynasty )
Shepseskaf was a son of Menkaurethe, his name means (His Soul is Noble). He ruled from 2472 to 2467 B.C. His tomb is in Saqqara. He is the only king of the Fourth Dynasty, who did not build a pyramid, but he built a big mastaba at South Saqqara.

Reign from 2503 to 2498 BC      4th Dynasty
Predecessor (Menkaura)
Successor (Userkaf)
Children (Khamaat)
Father (Menkaura)
Shepseskaf (Museum of Fine Arts-Boston)
Queen Bunefer ( 4 th Dynasty )

Queen Bunefer was an Ancient Egyptian queen from the 4th or 5th dynasty. It is not known which king she was married to may be Shepseskaf. 

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Kings and Queens 3

Nimaethap  ( 3 rd Dynasty )
Nimaethap was the wife of Khasekhemwy and the mother of Djoser, the first Pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt.

Sekhmekhet  ( 3 rd Dynasty )
Sekhmekhet was the third king of the third dynasty ruling from 2648 to 2640 B.C. about 8 years. His name is carved on a cliff near (Al-Maghara Valley) in Sinai. The king has an unfinished pyramid at Saqqara.

His unfinished pyramid was discovered at Saqqara, It may have been designed by Imhotep, who was active after Zoser's death.

Reign from 2648 to 2640 BC   3rd Dynasty

Predecessor (Djoser)

Successor (Khaba)

Children (Khaba)

Monuments (Buried Pyramid)

Khaba  ( 3 rd Dynasty )

King of Egypt, fourth king of the third dynasty, ruling from 2640 to 2637 B.C. about 4 years. Less is known about him.

Khaba is believed to have built his funerary monument in Zawyet El-Aryan, about 7 km north of Saqqara. It was left unfinished at an early stage of its building. Height about 20m (unfinished), base about 84m.

Reign from 2640 to 2637 BC     3rd Dynasty

Predecessor (Sekhemkhet)

Successor (Huni) 

Father (Sekhemkhet )

Monuments (Layer Pyramid)

Huni  ( 3 rd Dynasty )

Huni was the last Egyptian Pharaoh of the third dynasty.

He ruled Egypt from 2599 to 2575 BC. The king established a fortress on the island of Elephantine; also he built a pyramid at Meidum. The Pyramid at Maidum is a big step forward for pyramid builders it is the first to be planned from the beginning with smooth sides. Huni's vizier was a man named Kagemi.

Reign from 2637 to 2613 BC      3rd Dynasty

Predecessor Khaba

Successor Sneferu

Children Hetepheres I, Sneferu

Father  Khaba
Monuments Step pyramid, Island fort at Elephantine, Meidum Pyramid 

King Huni

Sneferu ( 4 th Dynasty )
Sneferu ruled Egypt of 2613 BC to 2589. He was the founder of the Fourth Dynasty in Egypt. He is the first king of the construction of the pyramid is real. Three famous pyramids associated with the name of King Senefru (Meidum Pyramid, Red Pyramid and Bent pyramids at Dahshur).This pyramids that survive to this day.

Predecessor (Huni)
Successor (Khufu)
Children (Nefermaat, Rahotep, Ranefer, Hetepheres A, Khufu, Kanefer, Ankhhaf, Netjeraperef, Iynefer I, Meritites I, Nefertkau, Nefertnesu, Henutsen)
Mother (Meresankh I)
Monuments (Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid, Meidum Pyramid)
King Sneferu

Queen Hetepheres I ( 4 th Dynasty )
Spouse (Sneferu)
Father (Huni)

Khufu ( 4 th Dynasty )
Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt's (Old Kingdom). He ruled from around 2589 to 2566 B.C. 23 years. Generally Khufu was accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Khufu's full name was (Khnum-Khufu) by the meaning (the god Khnum protects me).The history remembers Khufu, the Great Pyramid of Giza as a testament to his tremendous ability to coordinate hundreds of workers towards one purpose. It is through this fantastic architectural marvel that Khufu will be remembered as one of many famous Egyptian pharaohs.

Reign from 2589 to 2566 BC      4th Dynasty
Predecessor (Sneferu)
Successor (Djedefre)
Children (Kawab, Djedefhor, Hetepheres II, Meritites II, Meresankh II, Baufra, Djedefra, Minkhaf I, Khafre, Khufukhaf I, Babaef I, Horbaef, Nefertiabet, possibly Khamerernebty I, possibly Nefermaat II)
Father (Pharaoh Sneferu)
Mother (Queen Hetepheres I)
Monuments (Great Pyramid of Giza, Khufu ship)
King Khufu Egyptian museum
King Khufu Egyptian museum
King Khufu Egyptian museum

Queen Meritites I  ( 4 th Dynasty )
She was a daughter of King Sneferu and the wife of King Khufu. Her name means (Beloved of her Father). 

Queen Henutsen 
Henutsen was a daughter of Pharaoh Sneferu and his third wife.  

Djedefre ( 4 th Dynasty )

Djedefre was the son and successor of Khufu. He ruled Egypt from 2528 BC, to 2520 BC. (8 years). His name meaning (enduring like Re). He built his pyramid at Abu-Rawash (8 kilometers north of Giza); the pyramid includes a statue of his wife in the form of a sphinx. The solar cult grew in power during his reign. His royal cemetery near of his pyramid and include about 50 mastaba tombs.

Reign from 2566 to 2558 BC      4th Dynasty

Predecessor (Khufu)

Successor (Khafra)
Children (Hernet, Baka, Setka, Nikaudjedefre, Hetepheres, Neferhetepes)
Father (Khufu)
Monuments (Pyramid of Djedefre)
Djedefre - Louvre Museum

Queen Hetepheres II  ( 4 th Dynasty )
Queen Hetepheres II she was a daughter of Khufu and was either born during the reign of her grandfather Sneferu

Saturday, January 15, 2011

Kings and Queens 2

Qa'a  ( 1 st Dynasty )
Qa'a is the last king of the first dynasty, although dates are rather wildly different when it comes to this king.  There isn't much information about him.
His tomb in Abydos and burials in nearby Saqqara from the same time period. A seal impressions listing all the kings of First Dynasty.
Four large tombs in Saqqara date from his reign, two stelae were discovered for officials in his government, Merka and Sabef, with complex inscriptions.
A number of artifacts were found in the tomb during its many excavations, the lower part of two wooden statues was found in one of these tombs in a set of rooms on the north side.
Qa'a is the last king to be buried with subsidiary burials of attendants and servants.

Predecessor (Semerkhet)
Successor (Hotepsekhemwy)
Monuments (Tomb in Umm el-Qa'ab)

Qa'a Tomp
 Hotepsekhemwy  ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Hotepsekhemwy was the first king of the Second dynasty of Egypt. His name means (Pleasing in Powers.) Little is known about his reign. Hotepsekhemwy may have become king through marriage to a princess, may even have carried through the late king's funeral. There are several sealing bearing his name outside Qa'a's tomb at Abydos. The king seems to have been buried at Saqqara, deviating from the Abydos custom with former rulers.

Predecessor (Qa`a)
Successor (Raneb)

Raneb ( 2 nd Dynasty )
There is little information about Raneb, Manetho recorded that Raneb (Ra is Lord) reigned for 39 years, his reign is important because of its chronological position during the Egyptian empire's formative years. Raneb was Hotepsekhemwy's son, or perhaps his brother.
Also many modern scholars believe that his reign was much shorter, lasting between ten and nineteen years years. In fact, some scholars seem to believe that Raneb's reign and that of his predecessor, Hotepsekhemwy, should together be 38 or 39 years, with both therefore having shorter reigns then provided by Manetho.
He is one of the first kings to incorporate the sun god's name, Re, into his own name, a tradition that will be followed by most of the pharaohs in Egypt. he started a number of cults to different gods, including worship of Mendes, Menvis, and a cult to the sacred goat in the delta.

Predecessor (Hotepsekhemwy)
Successor (Nynetjer)
Raneb Stela Metropolitan Museum
Nynetjer ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Nynetjer was the third king of the second dynasty, the capital (Memphis). He ruled ancient Egypt for almost 40 years and he was famous for his festivals and marvelous temples.
Traces of Nynetjer are found with mud sealing at Saqqara. It is suggested that an underground gallery here was his tomb.
The end of his reign seems to have been marked by poor harvests, internal tension, and possibly even civil war. His name has been found on inscriptions from a number of mastaba tombs in Saqqara, Giza, Helwan and Abydos.

Predecessor (Raneb)
Successor (Senedj)
Senedj ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Senedj was a king during the Second Dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 20 years.
When pharaoh Senedj was in power Egypt was probably divided once again into its southern and northern parts, with him as the king in Lower Egypt from the capital Memphis.
Manetho gives him a reign of 41 years and calls him Sethenes. If that name has something to do with the god Seth we don't know, but Egyptian records refer to him as Senedj. His tomb has not as yet been identified.

Predecessor (Nynetjer)
Successor (Seth-Peribsen)

Seth - Peribsen        ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Seth-Peribsen was a king during the Second dynasty of Egypt who ruled for seventeen years, he was buried in Umm el-Qa'ab in Abydos.
His burial stelae (in the British Museum) show a Seth-creature rather than the more common Horus, and this might reveal that the king did not rule over the whole area of Egypt.

Predecessor (Senedj)
Successor (Sekhemib-Perenmaat)

Sekhemi - Perenmaat ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Sekhemib-Perenmaat pharaoh of the Egyptian second dynasty,was a separate king who ruled Lower Egypt at the same time that Peribsen ruled Upper Egypt.

Predecessor ( Seth-Peribsen )
Successor (Khasekhemwy)
Khasekhemwy  ( 2 nd Dynasty )
Khasekhemwy (his name means "The Two Powerful Ones Appear") was the fifth and final king of the Second dynasty of Egypt. Little is known of Khasekhemwy, other than that he led several significant military campaigns and built several monuments.

Predecessor (Sekhemib-Perenmaat)
Successor (Sanakhte)
Children (Djoser,Hetephernebti,Sanakhte)

Khasekhemwy statue cairo museum

Sanakhte  ( 3 rd Dynasty )
Sanakhte also known as (Nebka) was the first king of the third dynasty, his name meaning (Strong protection), ruling from 2686 to 2667 B.C., about 19 years. Sanakhte became king by marrying a daughter of Khasekhemwy. There is a mastaba at Abydos in which fragments with his name have been found. This is also possibly his grave.

Reign from 2686 to 2667 BC   3rd Dynasty
Predecessor (Khasekhemwy)
Successor (Djoser)



Djoser pharaoh the second king of the Third dynasty of Egypt. Djoser ruled Egypt for twenty nine years. Djoser was also known as Netjerikhet, meaning (body of the gods). Statue of Djoser, now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, is the oldest known statue. Djoser is known as the king who commissioned the building of the Step Pyramid at Saqqara and the temple complex surrounding it. This is the first building made of stone. Architect who planned and constructed the first stone buildings in the world (Imhotep).

The Pyramid of Djoser, or step pyramid in the Saqqara necropolis. It was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier Imhotep.

The step pyramid consisted of six mastabas. 62 meters tall. The base about 109 meters X 125 meters.

Predecessor (Sanakhte)
Successor (Sekhmekhet)
Father (Khasekhemwy) 
Mother (Nimaethap)
Monuments (Pyramid of Djoser)

King Djoser. Egyptian museum. Cairo

King Djoser. Egyptian museum. Cairo

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